India has a large volume of population, most of whom have a car or bike. The daily commute of these population masses is a huge contributor to pollution and destruction of nature on a daily basis. To counter this, the government signed an agreement in 2017 to cut the carbon footprint by 35-55%, which led to the introduction of BS4 or Bharat Stage 4. The Bharat Stage Emission Standards are emission regulations from the government of India to regulate the amount of pollutants from motor vehicles. It was first introduced in 2000.
However, at the time of BS4, NOx (Nitrogen oxides) emissions of petrol and PM (Particulate matter) emissions of diesel engines, were not reduced as expected, which led to the new launch of the BS6 on April 1, 2020. This BS6 will be pushed to automobiles rolling out in 2020.
Benefits of BS6:
Bharat Stage 6 was instituted by the government of India to control the pollution from internal combustion engine of vehicles. The BS6 norms will see the NOx emissions come down by 25% approximately in case of petrol engines and 68% in the case of diesel engines. The PM emissions for diesel engines will come down by 80%.
Impact of the cost:
The BS6 engines will see a small rise in fuel prices. This is due to the additional costs factories have to incur to upgrade equipment and refinement processes for BS6 norms. Because industry specialists believe the higher costs of upgrading diesel vehicles will make them pricier, but not too pricey. Where Petrol car costs area unit are expected to vary between Rs.10,000-20,000 more, and diesel cars to about Rs 80,000-1,00,000.
While the auto industry in India has hit a low, the Bharat Stage Emission Standards is a good effort by the government to control the rising levels of air pollution across the country.
Every car’s dashboard has inbuilt warning lights that help the driver take note of their vehicle’s condition. These warning lights in the dashboard vary depending upon the fault of your vehicle. Either it indicates that something is ON or some problem has occurred.
What the colour indicates:
Indicates a safety issue or serious problem; check with a professional if this indication shows often. It serves as a reminder about service maintenance.
Orange or Yellow Light:
Indicates that some of the components need repair or service.
Green or Blue Light:
Indicates that systems such as the fog light, neutral state, etc.is active.
What exactly are those dashboard icons?
Indicates that the radiator cap has been overheated and crossed normal temperature limits. You will need to check the coolant level and any leaks.
Indicates that the engine needs a diagnosis because it can affect your vehicle’s emission and engine performance. Usually, the vehicle’s engine has a computer Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC).
Indicates to check your vehicle’s battery condition or alternator belt, because your vehicle’s voltage level will be below the normal level and is causing the charging system to malfunction.
Oil Pressure Warning:
Indicates to check your vehicle’s oil level pressure if your engine might be running with low oil. If this occurs, contact a professional immediately.
Anti-Lock Brake Warning:
Indicates that there is an issue with your ABS: Anti-Lock Braking System. This should be a priority fix!
Seat Belt Reminder:
This light is a prompt that you need to buckle up your seat belts immediately. In some brands, it gives you an indication sound if you are not wearing your seatbelt.
Fog Lamp Indicator:
Indicates that your fog lights are on.
Indicates that your vehicle’s airbag has an issue.
Before starting your drive, always remember to make a note of your dashboard’s various indications. It’s there for a reason and safety should always be the priority.
Sick of getting afraid each time you leave the car? Want to make your ride less attractive to car thieves? Remember that the quicker a car thief steals your vehicle, the more attractive it has proved to be. Anything you can do to slow down professional car thieves or joy-riders or make them consider twice before acting will make your vehicle a less appealing target. Thus, we present to you certain very simple tips that will definitely help you protect from car theft
TIPS TO PROTECT CAR THEFT:
 When you park somewhere, never leave your keys in the car as that is like handing out an invitation to car thieves. Also remember to close all the windows and the sunroof, if any firmly
 It is the most foolish thing to leave your car running and unattended under any circumstances. Always try to avoid that
 Avoid leaving any valuables inside your vehicle where passersby can see them and tempt
 Keep your vehicle locked at all times, even from the inside while driving
 Never leave your vehicle title in your car. It often happens that a car thief is pulled over and gets away with the crime from the police because he or she can produce the auto registration papers. If multiple drivers should use the vehicle, our best suggestion would be to hide the registration papers in a secret location in the car that only the owner would know
 It is a universal fact that thieves prefer to work in the dark. So be particularly cautious at night about where you head and where you park your car. If possible, park it in a well-lit area
 Always be aware of your surroundings, especially in all garages, parking lots and gas stations as these are key target areas for pickers
 It is best to know where you’re headed. Avoid any known high crime areas even if the alternate route were to take longer
 We advise installing an anti-theft action system in your vehicle if it doesn’t have one as thieves are reluctant to steal any vehicle if they know the car can be recovered quickly
 A tactical move would be to have your car’s vehicle identification number (VIN) etched on each of your windows. All car thieves want to get off the heist cheap without wanting to go to the expense of replacing all the glass
 When on an incline, leave your car in gear with the wheels turned toward the kerb or another obstruction as this makes it harder for thieves to tow away your vehicleFinally for our best tip, if confronted by a carjacker, please do not resist. This is because cars can be replaced but you can’t. Always remember that.
 Finally for our best tip, if confronted by a carjacker, please do not resist. This is because cars can be replaced but you can’t. Always remember that
While you may be enlightened on what to do to avoid theft, you must also be aware of who these thieves are and how they operate:
ABOUT THE CAR PICKERS
Mostly, professional pickers commit the majority of auto thefts as they have the know-how
These professionals always prefer high-performance cars and the lesser exotic ones that are usually more popular models and whose parts are inevitably interchangeable
These pickers then usually turn the cars they steal over to some contacted split shops which then dismantle the cars and sell the parts to bidders
These pickers also steal cars for exporting to other countries, often fulfilling certain steal for order requests for most types of vehicles.
Post this guide, we would like to take you through some of the systems that you can install to keep away pickers:
 A theft mechanism that locks onto your steering wheel can be a visible sign that you’ve taken steps to protect your vehicle
 You could use an ignition cut-off system that would prevent your car from being started in certain circumstances
 Some modern cars also come with passive alarms that get activated automatically when the key is removed from the ignition slot
 Another sophisticated system emits a warning signal that can be tracked by the police of your city
To finish off, we also want to alert you that most carjackers bump your car from the rear with their cars and then pick yours up when you get out for checking the damage. That is why we advise that when you stop at any road light; always leave some room to manoeuvre around the vehicle in front if you need to. Should another car bump into yours and you feel threatened, just drive to a populated area or call the police for assistance. With this, we sign off hoping we have all learnt how to avert car theft & any black markers for our cars. We wish you a happy week!