Category Archives: Engine

BS6: What is it?

India has a large volume of population, most of whom have a car or bike. The daily commute of these population masses is a huge contributor to pollution and destruction of nature on a daily basis. To counter this, the government signed an agreement in 2017 to cut the carbon footprint by 35-55%, which led to the introduction of BS4 or Bharat Stage 4. The Bharat Stage Emission Standards are emission regulations from the government of India to regulate the amount of pollutants from motor vehicles. It was first introduced in 2000.

However, at the time of BS4, NOx (Nitrogen oxides) emissions of petrol and PM (Particulate matter) emissions of diesel engines, were not reduced as expected, which led to the new launch of the BS6 on April 1, 2020. This BS6 will be pushed to automobiles rolling out in 2020.

Benefits of BS6:

Bharat Stage 6 was instituted by the government of India to control the pollution from internal combustion engine of vehicles. The BS6 norms will see the NOx emissions come down by 25% approximately in case of petrol engines and 68% in the case of diesel engines. The PM emissions for diesel engines will come down by 80%.

Impact of the cost:

The BS6 engines will see a small rise in fuel prices. This is due to the additional costs factories have to incur to upgrade equipment and refinement processes for BS6 norms. Because industry specialists believe the higher costs of upgrading diesel vehicles will make them pricier, but not too pricey. Where Petrol car costs area unit are expected to vary between Rs.10,000-20,000 more, and diesel cars to about Rs 80,000-1,00,000.

While the auto industry in India has hit a low, the Bharat Stage Emission Standards is a good effort by the government to control the rising levels of air pollution across the country.

Don’t Ignore These 5 Car Engine Noises

Every car comes with some metal parts in the exterior, and fibre in the interior. It is very common for these parts to start producing noises over years of use, largely because of vehicle usage.

Engine knocking sounds:
This is heard when you drive your car by changing gears or by acceleration. It is caused because the early ignition of the air-fuel mixture has not produced the minimum power at the right time. In this case, check your engine oil level. If you find any faults, take it to your nearest service centre. Sometimes proper tuning of the engine could fix this issue.

Pinging on cold start:
This noise is caused by the fuel mixture in the engine cylinder being ignited too early by the heat of compression. We can hear this noise during acceleration of the vehicle. As the engine gets older, it will start to ping more on cold start.

Tapping sound from the engine:
The tapping sound from the engine is due to the low oil level or loose components. You can check your oil level using the dipstick. When you rev, the engine tends to produce more tap or upper valve train noises.

Loud squealing:
Loud squealing noises come from the internal engine and is caused by the belts. In a car, there are multiple belts: one for power steering pulley and one for the AC compressor. The belts generally slip from the pulley because it’s worn out. This sound is louder when you start the engine cold and fades away as you accelerate.

Grinding noise:
This is one of the common engine noises heard frequently. This noise is caused by the driver when shifting the gears; because when you apply the gear with half clutch, then there will be a grinding noise. If you are doing so, avoid it because it can damage the entire engine system.

Check the oil level regularly; because in a car, noises arise primarily because of the low level of oil. The other common thing is a bad belt, which can cause squealing noises. If you find worn-out belts, it’s time to replace them.

Seat belts – Wear them , it might save your life!

In this post, we will discuss about seat belts. In India there are several world-popular car brands available , previously only had front seat belts. And in the early 2000’s it became mandatory for manufacturers to include rear seat belts.

What Happens If You Don’t Wear Seat Belts?

Inertia – your body will stay in motion in the same direction when the vehicle stops suddenly. If you drive your car at 70km/hr then your body also travels at the same speed, if you do not buckle up your seat belts then you’re in trouble. Sudden breaking would result in you thrown against the dashboard.
People loose their lives everyday in accidents, which could have been avoided by wearing seat belts.

Continue reading Seat belts – Wear them , it might save your life!

How Often Do You Really Need To Change The Engine Oil In Your Car?

How Often Do You Really Need To Change The Oil In Your Car
How Often Do You Really Need To Change The Oil In Your Car

Our body requires air, blood, and water as essentials to live or else we will perish. Similarly, our mechanical babies, i.e., cars or more precisely, a car requires engine oil change or else we will be deprived of its smooth functioning.

How Often Do You Really Need To Change The Oil In Your Car?

Oil is required for the smooth functioning of the engine. Without the oil, the fractious rubbing of the metal generates heat which is unendurable. This ultimately causes irreparable damage to the engine and becomes a total roadblock.

What does Engine Oil Do?

The three responsibilities of engine oil are:

  • Providing lubrication
  • Transporting the harmful particles to the filter
  • Acting as a coolant

What does Old Engine Oil Do?

Remember the supplements in the dirty oil boils out and impurities form in the crankcase. This eats up the metal parts while the water which collects over a period forms mud-like deposits or most commonly known as, sludge.

The oil holds additional coarse particles of metal that are suspended in it, and these particles damage the parts of the car engine which the oil is usually supposed to protect.

What does Engine Oil Do

When to Change the Car Engine Oil?

Earlier, it was necessary to change the car engine oil and filters after intervals of every 5,000 kilometres or even less, depending on the age of the engine. The oil used for the engine, say ten years back, wore out within 5,000 kilometres.

Now, with new technologies in the assembling of automotive engines and with the vast improvements in the quality of lubricant oil, these intervals do not matter now.

In fact, with new automation invention, automakers recommend a change of oil at various levels of mileage. Nowadays, every automaker provides you with a vehicle manual which tells you the consistency of the car engine and the intervals at which you should change your car engine oil.

Some vehicles are even equipped with oil life monitoring systems. They automatically monitor the characteristics of the engine, climate, distance and the mileage.

Engine Oil Change Interval for Cars

Oil and engine technology have changed a lot.  Now, depending on the conditions of the weather and the age of the engine, the engine oil needs to be changed. If the engine oil is not changed the oil gets dirtier and dirtier and eventually no longer greases properly. This results in the increase in friction and the operating temperature which in turn wears away the engine faster.

Fresh oil is required to sustain the life of the engine since the engine is the heart of the car, so changing of oil is the most important thing that has to be done to protect the car engine.

Severe Conditions Compel More Frequent Car Engine Oil Changes

Another condition that may cause damage to the car engine includes driving in extreme heat conditions, racing down or intensive stop and go driving during rush hours, driving the car carelessly without intervals or driving through dusty paths of the country or at high altitude.

By changing your oil frequently due to the above reasons, you may double up the mileage out of a good engine.

Remedies for Excellent Engine Performance
Remedies for Excellent Engine Performance

Remedies for Excellent Engine Performance

Recent car versions have indicators that suggest a change in the engine oil. As discussed earlier, some manufacturers give precise details on the mileages for an oil change. A regular annual maintenance can keep your car in the pink of health.