What is a hybrid car?
Hybrid cars are electrified vehicles that still use an internal combustion engine, which means combining a petrol or diesel engine with an electric motor. The main advantage of a hybrid is that it consumes less fuel and emits less CO2 than a conventional petrol or diesel-engine vehicle.
How do hybrid cars work?
Driving a hybrid is similar to driving an automatic car, so there’s little compromise on performance. A hybrid combines at least one electric motor with a gasoline engine to move the car, and its system recaptures energy via regenerative braking. Unlike an Electric Vehicle (EV) or Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV), hybrids also have a petrol or diesel engine to fall back on if the electricity supply is diminishing.
Types of hybrids:
There are three different types of hybrids and each work in a different way.
This is the most common type of hybrid. A full hybrid is a car which can drive under its own electric power, petrol or a combination of both. They are sometimes called ‘parallel hybrids’. The car’s wheels can be powered in three different ways: either directly by the engine, by the electric motor alone, or a blend of the two power sources. The Toyota Prius is the most widely known example.
A mild hybrid car cannot drive under electric power alone and doesn’t improve fuel economy to the extent that a full hybrid system can. The engine never drives the car; it only produces energy for the electric motor. The Honda Jazz r is one of the more popular examples.
As its name states, this type of hybrid can be plugged into an electric outlet to recharge their batteries, as well as being charged on the move. It carries a much larger battery pack that must be fully recharged using an external electricity source from the home or public charging station. Popular plug-in hybrids include the BMW i8 and VW Golf GTE, with both cars having bigger battery capacities to enable a longer electric range.
India has set a target of electric vehicles making up 30% of new sales of cars and two-wheelers by 2030. But the recent economic slowdown appears to have taken a toll on the electric vehicle plans. But the potential market is still huge, with India being the world’s biggest market for scooters and motorcycles; the next biggest market being China.
With the ever-growing pollution and bad air quality – and not to mention the continuous rise in fuel prices, more and more citizens are thinking about making the move to electric vehicles as they realize that going electric brings with it significant benefits; lower running costs, lower maintenance costs and pollution-free driving.
With manufacturers like Japan’s Suzuki Motors planning to launch an electric scooter in India by 2020, and Indian motorcycle makers Bajaj Motor and TVS Motor are also eyeing electric models, here are some existing models that are popular with consumers.
Okinawa i Praise
The scooter comes with a detachable lithium-ion battery that, according to the company, takes 2-3 hours to charge and gives a range of 160-180km. It is also equipped with features like geo-tagging, GPS, find my scooter, battery health and vehicle status, all of which can be accessed via an app on your Android smartphone.
Colours: Glossy Silver Black, Glossy Golden Black, Red Black
The Revolt RV400 is India’s first AI enabled motorcycle. It’s battery charges from 0-100% in 4.5 hours. In an all-new innovation, Revolt also offers four sounds in the motorcycle, all controlled through the MyRevolt App.
Colours: Rebel Red, Cosmic Black
A Bangalore based startup, Ather Energy launched the Ather 450 electric scooter which promises an acceleration of 0 to 40 kmph in just 3.9 seconds, a top speed of 80 kmph and a range of 55-75 km. According to the company, the 450 was designed from scratch to offer an exhilarating ride and a hassle-free ownership experience. The electric scooter promises some great unique features like a low centre of gravity, mono-shock suspension, front & rear disc brakes and perfect balance and a reverse mode.
Sporting a bold design, the Ultraviolette launched the F77 in three colour variants. The bike is currently on sale only in Bengaluru while online registrations to purchase the motorcycle have opened. Deliveries are slated to commence in October 2020. The F77 is powered by a 25kW electric motor which produces 90Nm, making it the most powerful electric motorcycle currently on sale in India. Ultraviolette has DC fast-charging capability, giving it 50 minutes to charge up to 80% and 90 minutes for a full charge.
8 Must-know Tips to Increase Mileage of your Car or Bike
One of the deciding factors in buying a vehicle other than its price in India is – fuel efficiency. People still tend to incline towards fuel-efficient vehicles as petrol prices keep soaring all the time. There are certain things playing a major role in fuel efficiency such as maintenance, tyre pressure etc. Here are certain sure-fire tips to increase mileage of your vehicle.
Maintenance & Regular service:
It is certainly obvious that regular maintenance and servicing your vehicle would help in increasing your mileage, for moving parts in a vehicle such as engine and gearbox require lubrication and not doing so will decrease the efficiency of your vehicle. It is advisable to regularly service your vehicle as prescribed in your vehicle maintenance book or at regular intervals. During your maintenance service oil change, level of coolant oil, chain lubrication must be taken into account and be carefully gauged for optimal performance of the vehicle.If you doubt that your bike engine is leaking oil or if you find oil stains in the parking space , try to fix it as early as possible.
Ideal tyre inflation:
Maintaining appropriate tyre pressure does not only extend the life of your tyres, but also increase the fuel efficiency along with improving vehicle safety. It is the responsibility of the driver to ensure that the tyres have been inflated to the recommended tyre pressure as specified by the manufacturer. Most of the tyres have markings of the suggested tyre pressure. Corrections to tyre pressure should be made if you intend to carry additional load or weight by consulting the vehicle handbook.
Idling is leaving the vehicle’s engine running when the vehicle is parked. This is one practice to shun. When you are in a traffic and the wait is more than 10 seconds, it is desirable to turn off your ignition to save fuel. Contrary to popular belief it is that idling your car can consume more amount of fuel than restarting your engine. Also today’s engine do not require warming up in winter mornings. You can warm up your engine by driving around without excessively revving your engine for a few minutes.
Clutch over-ride is nothing but over-usage of clutch, in conditions, where it is not needful to use. Vehicle owners who are new to driving, sometimes tend to over-ride the clutch. This can extract a lot of fuel in running conditions. In bumper to bumper traffic, over-riding the clutch is a common practice. This not only wears out the clutch plate but also drinks your fuel a lot. This can be easily avoided by using appropriate gears.
You would need to combine a gentle start in lower gears and swiftly changing to higher gears to avoid stress on the engine. This is practiced so that your engine runs comfortably on the economy band. This in turn increases your vehicle’s range. For instance, a 150cc commuter bike can string along upto 55kmph in the 3rd gear and going beyond that will add a lot of stress on the engine having a direct effect on the mileage. A vehicle consumes higher fuel in lower gears when accelerating hard. It is sensible to not over speed since higher the RPM, higher the amount of fuel burnt.
It is common for people to start late and end up in traffic and revving hard. But the traffic and hard revving end up ruining your fuel economy as the stop-start traffic suck out your fuel. Planning can help you avoid traffic. Radio stations and smart phones nowadays can relay traffic alerts and traffic prone routes. Planning accordingly can increase the efficiency.
Optimizing your routes can effectively increase your vehicle’s fuel efficiency. GPS gadgets nowadays allows users to be informed of busy intersections, traffic updates and sometimes diversions. Using GPS to avoid traffic prone routes and steering through the shortest route can add to an increase in mileage of the vehicle.
Refuel in the morning:
It is a fact that, fuel when warm expands and is denser when cold. In the morning when the temperature is usually cooler it is denser and hence it is desirable to fill up in the morning or at late night rather than in the afternoon or evening. Hence it is more ‘bang for the buck’ in the morning and hence a bargain in fuel amount.
Fuel economy has always been a concern and that too in countries like India where the traffic is bottleneck, the above tips can be foolproof in increasing mileage as well the condition and quality of the vehicle in the long run.