The growth of the electric vehicle industry in India directly depends on the availability or shortage of charging stations in the country. As part of the Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Hybrid and Electric Vehicles (FAME) India programme, the government has approved a plan to establish 2,636 charging stations throughout the country to further encourage the use of EVs and produce high adoption by 2030 in India.
According to this report, of the 2,636 stations:
- Rapid charging stations = 1,633
- Maharashtra = 317
- Andhra Pradesh = 266
- Tamil Nadu = 256
- Uttar Pradesh = 207
- Rajasthan = 205
- Delhi and Chandigarh = around 70
It is expected that at least one charging station will be available in most of the selected cities in a grid of 4 km x 4 km. Energy Efficiency Services Ltd. (EESL), an energy service provider owned by the Indian government is all set to collaborate with engineering group Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd. (BHEL) to build electric-vehicle charging stations throughout India.
Various community charging stations and businesses are taking on the initiative of increasing the accessibility of these stations. Tata Power established the first set of Electric Vehicle charging stations in Mumbai and are now present in Delhi and Hyderabad.
PluginIndia wants to popularize the concept of community charging stations with the idea for businesses/resorts/vacation homes etc, that are at a distance of 40-70 km around cities, to setup normal 15 Amp charge points or Smart EVSE for electric cars and next-generation electric bikes. Having successfully set up 257 Community Charging Stations across India, they have developed a mobile app by the community for the community, complete with Google Maps integration.
RE:CHARGE INDIA App Features
- Find electric vehicle charge points near your location
- Browse electric vehicle charge points on a Map
- Search for charge points
- View electric vehicle charge points details
- Get driving directions from your location to an electric vehicle charge point
- Call phone number directly from the app
- Report an electric vehicle charge point
- Add a new electric vehicle charge point
Get the App:
Android – Recharge India – EV Charging points map
App Store – RE:CHARGE
All of these efforts have one goal – that easier access would encourage more use; and the faster that EVs become a trend, the better for the environment.
Every driver needs to carry legal documents for their vehicle: an original driving license, insurance, Registration Certificate and a PUC Certificate.
What is a Vehicle Pollution Certificate (PUC)?
A Pollution Under Control Certificate is provided to vehicles after they take the Pollution Under Control test. It is an official approval that emissions from the vehicle is under pollution norms. The certificate is proof that the vehicle follows the pollution standards set by the government.
It is mandatory for all vehicles operational on Indian roads to carry a legitimate PUC certificate.
The PUC certificate must specify:
- The certificate serial number, to monitor when was the last test taken by your vehicle
- The vehicle license plate number
- The date of the PUC test
- The certificates expiry date
- The PUC emissions test readings
What is the Procedure, Cost and Validity of a PUC Certificate?
- A PUC Certificate is issued with a new vehicle; with the validity of the certificate for a new car and bike being 1 year
- The validity of a renewed certificate is 6 months for both cars and bikes
Vehicle owners can get the emission test and the PUC certificate at any of the following places:
- At a petrol bunk that is authorised to carry out the emission tests and have trained employees for PUC testing
- At service centres that are authorised to carry out emission tests
Costs & Penalties:
The cost to obtain the PUC Certificate varies from Rs.60 to Rs.100, as well as on the fuel type. While the fine for not carrying a PUC certificate is Rs.1000 for the first time offence and Rs.2000 for a repeated offence.
India has a large volume of population, most of whom have a car or bike. The daily commute of these population masses is a huge contributor to pollution and destruction of nature on a daily basis. To counter this, the government signed an agreement in 2017 to cut the carbon footprint by 35-55%, which led to the introduction of BS4 or Bharat Stage 4. The Bharat Stage Emission Standards are emission regulations from the government of India to regulate the amount of pollutants from motor vehicles. It was first introduced in 2000.
However, at the time of BS4, NOx (Nitrogen oxides) emissions of petrol and PM (Particulate matter) emissions of diesel engines, were not reduced as expected, which led to the new launch of the BS6 on April 1, 2020. This BS6 will be pushed to automobiles rolling out in 2020.
Benefits of BS6:
Bharat Stage 6 was instituted by the government of India to control the pollution from internal combustion engine of vehicles. The BS6 norms will see the NOx emissions come down by 25% approximately in case of petrol engines and 68% in the case of diesel engines. The PM emissions for diesel engines will come down by 80%.
Impact of the cost:
The BS6 engines will see a small rise in fuel prices. This is due to the additional costs factories have to incur to upgrade equipment and refinement processes for BS6 norms. Because industry specialists believe the higher costs of upgrading diesel vehicles will make them pricier, but not too pricey. Where Petrol car costs area unit are expected to vary between Rs.10,000-20,000 more, and diesel cars to about Rs 80,000-1,00,000.
While the auto industry in India has hit a low, the Bharat Stage Emission Standards is a good effort by the government to control the rising levels of air pollution across the country.