Taking your teenager out for a lesson on driving can be a daunting task for both parent and student. But it can be a rewarding experience for both.
- First things first, make sure your car runs smoothly before your child takes the wheel. A well-working car will make the whole nervous experience run smoother and less stressful.
- Make sure your teen is ready to learn, aware of the vehicle and comfortable with the car and its controls.
- Plan ahead. Make a lesson plan about where you would like to start the lessons. It’s always a good idea to know ahead of time where you are going and what you are going to do. This will also help to create a calm and confident learning environment.
- Add an L signboard to your car to let other drivers know that the driver of your car is a Learner
- It’s best to go over the basics and give them a lesson on how the car’s components work. Such as dashboard controls, steering wheel, seat adjustment, turn signals, wipers, headlights, mirror adjustment, airbags, seatbelts, parking brakes, switching the engine on and off, etc.
- For the very first test drive, start in the safest, easiest location possible like a deserted road or empty parking lot.
- Be a calm teacher. Don’t yell, but correct mistakes by asking questions instead of passing judgements. Ask them what is the speed limit, if the turn is legal, point out to them what should be done, how and why.
- Take it slow and steady and build from there. Once your child is a little more confident with their driving skills, take them onto slow and quiet roads with little traffic. Let them practice driving on one side of the road, parking and stopping at stop signs and signals. Once they get the hang of things, you can move onto heavier traffic.
- Awareness is key! Make sure your teen is fully aware of their surroundings and judgement of space. This is not easy to do, so it’s best if you remain extra vigilant.
- Give directions ahead of time. Tell them in advance they will be turning in the next left. This will remove the abruptness of the turn and give them a chance to ease into it slowly and safely.
- Always ease into the more intimidating driving lessons such as driving on the highway, parallel parking, driving next to large and heavy vehicles, merging into traffic, etc.
The above-mentioned points are just barely the minimum. There are various stages of learning how to drive and depends on each individual’s learning ability. Remember, once you successfully teach your child to drive, one day they will be the ones driving you and it’s those bonding moments that always last a lifetime.
Preventative care, careful driving and regular maintenance all contribute to your car’s longevity, making it stay longer on the roads than in a garage. Proper care also helps you save a lot of money in the long run. Here are a few tips on how to make sure the wear and tear in your car is minimized.
Stick to your maintenance routine:
Familiarize yourself with your car’s maintenance schedule and stick to it. As your car age, more maintenance is required and car manufacturers always recommend regular service intervals. If you don’t do a regular service on your car, you run the risk of causing damage to your engine and other parts because service centres know what needs to be checked and replaced with time, such as spark plugs, oil, filters, etc.
Never miss an oil change:
Oil is the lifeblood of your engine and over time the motor oil begins to degrade and lose its lubricating and cooling properties potentially damaging metal-on-metal contact. Regularly changing your oil and filter can save you in the long run, the failure of which could have you replacing your whole engine!
Everyone is always in a hurry and it’s not uncommon to want to jump into our cars and rush off. But experts recommend that it is important to give your engine a minute or two to warm up. This helps your engine oil heat up and lubricate all the parts. It’s also best to avoid higher RPMs and speeds until the engine is properly warmed up and running at normal temperature.
Give your brakes a break:
Prolong the life of your brake pads and discs by easing up on constantly using them. The safest way to do it is by slowing down. The faster you drive, the more you will need to step on the brakes sharply. Keep a safe distance between the vehicle in front of you, which will give you more time to come to a slower stop without having to jam on the brakes often.
Use the parking brake:
A better option is to engage the parking brake when you stop. First, step on your brake pedal and then engage your parking brake; put the car into park and release your foot off the pedal. This will prolong your car’s transmission allowing the parking brake to take the car’s weight and not the transmission.
All cars come with multiple dials on its dashboard. While most of us are familiar with the fuel gauge and the speedometer, there is that one other dial that’s a bit more complicated – the tachometer or RPM gauge. So, what exactly is a tachometer? By definition: It is an instrument which measures the working speed of an engine, typically in revolutions per minute (RPM). In short, it helps inform us how fast the engine is turning and rotating. The tachometer aims to read the rotation of the engine’s crankshaft and it also lets you know when to shift.
These days, cars with automatic transmissions are slowly discontinuing tachometers, but they are an absolute necessity in manual models to let drivers know when there is a problem with the transmission as well as precisely when to shift.
What is ‘redlining’?
You will also notice that compared to a speedometer, the RPM gauge displays smaller numbers such as 1-8, with red lines on the higher digits. These red lines are the danger zones for your engine. When you fail to shift to a higher gear, the needle moves to the red line. If your tachometer reaches these red levels, it can cause overheating and excessive wear on the engine. But although some believe this will cause your engine to explode, all modern cars incorporate a fuel cut-off that will stop an engine from reaching the point where it could cause permanent damage, typically just past the redline itself. The tachometer is just a way to tell you that your engine has reached its maximum RPMs. The best way to avoid this is by shifting gears within the range of your engine’s maximum performance whenever possible.
What happens if you redline?
The red lines are there for a reason; but if you do accidentally end up in the red for a fleeting instant, you have little to worry about as long as you don’t do it again. You could also book a check-up for your car if you’re worried.
Most cars these days have a rev-limiter built-in and prevent you from redlining by setting up the system to cut off the fuel flow to the engine, or to disable the ignition system until the engine falls to a safer speed. The safest bet, however, is to avoid over-speeding the engine and not upshifting the gear.
Your car’s engine oil varies depending upon the vehicle model. You need to replace the oil at least once after a year has passed for normal cars, and after 6 months for turbo-engine cars. This is because engine oil deteriorates faster if the car is driven at high speed, due to friction. But as engine oil deteriorates over time, it is also necessary to change the oil element according to the period of use as well.
In this case, there is a need to replace the engine oil earlier than the recommended period. If you are driving in the mountain tracks or rough roads for a longer period, this will put the car in a severe condition. Also, if you are driving in the city repeatedly, to your work or shopping, it is one of the reasons that result in a severe condition.
In this case of normal operation, there is no particular problem in the oil change and it depends on the driver who drives the car in a manual speed and with the proper driving.
Not Too Much Driving:
In this case, you need to replace the oil at least once a year for normal cars, and after 6 months for turbo-engine cars. If you drive your car once in a blue moon like 1-3 times a month the engine oil deteriorates and the mileage is also reduced. And if you are a diesel engine user then you will be facing an ignition issue as well.
In this case, you should replace your oil early, because engine oil deteriorates faster if the car is driven at high speed. So the deterioration of the engine oil will also increase.
It is always better if you change your car’s oil regularly as recommended by the manufacturers, as it can increase your car’s performance as well as it increases your car’s mileage.