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The Pollution Under Control (PUC) Certificate

Every driver needs to carry legal documents for their vehicle: an original driving license, insurance, Registration Certificate and a PUC Certificate.

What is a Vehicle Pollution Certificate (PUC)?
A Pollution Under Control Certificate is provided to vehicles after they take the Pollution Under Control test. It is an official approval that emissions from the vehicle is under pollution norms. The certificate is proof that the vehicle follows the pollution standards set by the government.

It is mandatory for all vehicles operational on Indian roads to carry a legitimate PUC certificate.

The PUC certificate must specify:

  • The certificate serial number, to monitor when was the last test taken by your vehicle
  • The vehicle license plate number
  • The date of the PUC test
  • The certificates expiry date
  • The PUC emissions test readings

What is the Procedure, Cost and Validity of a PUC Certificate?

  • A PUC Certificate is issued with a new vehicle; with the validity of the certificate for a new car and bike being 1 year
  • The validity of a renewed certificate is 6 months for both cars and bikes

Vehicle owners can get the emission test and the PUC certificate at any of the following places:

  • At a petrol bunk that is authorised to carry out the emission tests and have trained employees for PUC testing
  • At service centres that are authorised to carry out emission tests

Costs & Penalties:
The cost to obtain the PUC Certificate varies from Rs.60 to Rs.100, as well as on the fuel type. While the fine for not carrying a PUC certificate is Rs.1000 for the first time offence and Rs.2000 for a repeated offence.

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Types of Headlights Explained

These days the headlight technology that has been advancing at such a rapid rate that there are several options when it comes to headlamps. Let’s take a look at some of the different types of headlights available on the market.

Halogen Lights:
Most vehicles are equipped with halogen headlight bulbs from the factory. A halogen bulb is similar to an electric bulb but uses halogen gas to increase brightness instead of a filament. The bulbs emit a yellowish hue, due to the high 3000k colour temperature. Halogen lights produce a lot of heat as electricity, making these bulbs quite difficult to handle, while the lumen output is fairly low (about 700 -2000). However, Halogen headlights are relatively inexpensive to manufacture compared to other options and are still in use today. These standard headlights are the most common headlights on the road.

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HID/Xenon Lights:
HID or high-intensity discharge headlights are also called Xenon headlights as Xenon is one of the gases inside the bulb. These headlights don’t use a metal filament to create light and produces a bright white/bluish colour. They are relatively brighter than halogen and produces around 3,000 lumens; this makes them take extra time to warm up and makes them a bit more expensive. Some countries have banned these lights as they are too bright to be used.

LED Lights:
LED Headlights or light-emitting diodes are the most energy-efficient choice of bulbs available. The advantage is that they light up instantly and last longer than other light sources. These lights work by converting electricity into light through the diodes inside the headlight. This makes them a more expensive option, but they are worth the price. Due to their stronger intensity with a range from 4,000 to 12,000 lumens, visibility is improved whether on high or low beam.
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*Lumen is the amount of light emitted from a source. Higher the lumens, the brighter the light.

GUIDE TO BUYING A USED MOTORCYCLE

Two-wheelers play a vital role in how people travel in India as it is a better and easier way to navigate through the endless traffic. With this surge of bike availability, manufacturers continue to provide endless options for anyone who wants to purchase a bike. However, if you don’t want to spend all that money on a new bike, there is always the practical option of getting one secondhand.

There are a few necessities to keep in mind when looking at a secondhand option. First things first, where do you buy one? From a reputed dealer. Getting a bike from a dealer will increase your chances of getting a machine that is already thoroughly checked. You might also consider getting one directly from a private seller. You can opt for this type of purchase if you know the seller, or know what to look for.

Inspect the bike:
If you have the choice, take someone along who has already has a bike and has experience with them. Examine the bike cold; it’s really easy to hide starting and running problems on a hot bike. Examine bar ends, levers, and footpegs and other additional damage such as tweaked handlebars. Remember, every small damage can add to the cost of fixing the bike.

Brakes and Tyres: Check the brake pads, the colour and level of the brake fluid and the tyre tread. The treads should not have uneven wear or damage. Brake fluid should be clear and light in colour, like a nice pale yellow, depending on the brand.

Oil and Rust: Check the oil level and for any spillage, especially around the engine. Look for rusty chains and even a rusty fuel tank. Pay close attention to deeper rust; surface rust isn’t a cause for concern, but deep rust could show that the bike wasn’t maintained.

Chains and Chassis: Check the condition of chain and sprocket and for visible deep scratches. Rotate the rear wheel and check if the sound of the chain is uniform, as it should be.

Electricals, wheels, suspension and exhaust:
Thoroughly check that there are no oil leaks around the suspension and the exhaust pipe. Check for cracks in the wheels and make sure the spokes aren’t rusting.

Paperwork:
Last but not least, ensure you have all the necessary paperwork: the RC book, PUC, insurance, a NOC if the registration of a vehicle is going to be transferred from one RTO to another, the manual and the owner’s service records.

Rebuilding brakes, replacing chains and such is not uncommon in a used bike. While it might be a good investment to save some money, take your time in test riding the bike, choosing a good seller and deciding if it is the right choice for you.

Common Causes For Your Car Paint Fading

A car is an expensive investment. Hence we are always wanting our car to look good for as long as possible. But wear and tear is inevitable over time. Some of the most common causes for the paint fading on your car includes:

Sunlight –
Most of the time our cars are parked outside; this exposure to the sun is a major factor to the paint fading on your car. Because of the reaction between the paint and the UV radiation from the sun, the car usually loses its shine.

Lacking Paint Protection –
It’s always a good decision to invest in paint protection. Because of Paint Protection Film’s high impact resistance, its application will protect your paint from chips and scratches caused by rocks and road debris. Investing in auto paint protection film kits for the entire car is also a good choice, as it offers a higher protection level than waxing.

Leaving The Car Uncovered –
Living in a country like India, where summer’s last almost all year long in many parts of the country, it is unwise to leave your car uncovered when parked for extended periods. Parking in the shade helps, but that’s still not enough protection. Whenever possible, always keep your car covered. Purchase a good quality car cover that is easy to put on and remove.

Wash the car frequently and apply a high-quality wax. Waxing is a critical step to prevent sun damage to car paint and help stop pollution, grit and dirt and dust from adhering to the finish and causing pitting. There are also many service companies you can book a good wash and wax package with, as their mechanics will know the best way to fix up your car. A consistent car maintenance routine can help maintain your car’s looks for a long time keeping your car’s exterior in shiny showroom condition.

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