In our previous blog post we shared about uneven tyre wear and what causes it. In this post we are exploring about new tyres and benefits of changing old tyres.
The tyres life span is measured by the driver’s handling, the road conditions, the climate and there is no guarantee that how long the tyre last.The regular care for your tyres like alignment,suspension specification,uneven tyre tread,air pressure can extend your tyres lifespan.
The life span of tyres can increase or decrease based on the driver’s handling, the road conditions, the climatic conditions.
If your tyres crossed 40,000 km or 5 years in use, kindly check your tyre’s condition by a professional.
Occasionally your tyres can last more than 7 years but as a precaution replace them with new tyres and use your old tyres as spares.
How Your Tyre Gets Damaged?
One of the main reason your tyres gets damaged quickly depends on your driving; sudden breaking, and driving on the damaged roads can get your tyres damaged easily.
Your car’s Wheel rim should match your tyre size else it can damage the whole wheel system and can cause uneven tyre wear.
Even the climate changes can also affect your tyre’s condition due to variation in temperature on summer and rainy season.
Your tyres can also be damaged by speed bumps, sharp objects and obstacles.
Check the air pressure when you go for a long drive because if it is not maintained according to the manufacturers recommendations , the vehicles tyres will wear out fast .
Benefits Of New Tyre:
New tyres give the potential for the higher acceleration on the highways and better grip for your vehicle to stop (ABS can work more effectively) and turn, you don’t have to hesitate or be scared of tyres skidding during rainy days because new tyres provide better grip.
The tyre’s performance is based on the tread designs and quality of your tyres. Tyres are changed according to your vehicle’s type(Hatchback, Sedan, Suv) and based on your weather condition for better performance.Better grip translates into better performance.
The Uneven tyre wear causes wobbling and vibration which can affect your mileage badly.New tyres don’t wear out early and you can drive comfortably and it can improve your vehicle’s mileage as there is no pressure on the tyres.
Uncomfortable tyres can spoil your mood for driving, but new tyres are with strong tread, design. Which makes your long ride smoother and better. Compared to your worn out tyres, new tyres are less noisy.
Changing your old tyres won’t cost much for you. It is an one-time investment since you’re going to replace your tyres for once in 7 years ; we are not going to replace all tyres at the same time. For a comfortable and safe ride check your tyres regularly.
Tip : keep a spare tyre good condition with proper tread, it might come in handy at times.
Cars have become part and parcel of day to day sustenance but buying one is not a takeaway for everyone. Not all are gifted to get a brand new eye-candy to boast off, and some may have to settle with second-hand products. But why should one feel bad about getting a used car if it looks good, runs well and satisfies the needs? Here are a few pointers to check on before deciding on purchasing a used car.
The type of car, the purse amount and the type of usage must be taken into account before deciding to go for a car.
The type of car would essentially mean the number of people most likely to travel in it
The type of usage would mean long or short drives and the type of terrain the car would be subjected to while being driven.
Once the model is fixed up in mind, second-hand purchases become quite easy because there would be a single-minded set of questions to be asked to various people regarding that model only. Always ask two or three authorised dealers before fixing on an estimate.
Open the bonnet:
Cars appearing like this from behind might have problems in the front like this.
So it is always better to have a compartmentalised view of the car before deciding to go for it.
The heart of the vehicle should be checked thoroughly, mostly with the help of a mechanic or a person with adequate hands-on experience with automobiles. The flywheels would get rusty after prolonged usage. Checking the engine also means investigating every small component associated with it right from the bearings to the valves.
The belt drives associated with the engines are also mandatory checkpoints. These belts are usually toothed and hence any deformation in the tooth would mean the car has been used too much. The degree of elasticity of the belt would also transform to the quality and quantity of usage. When the belt is slightly pulled and released, the vibratory oscillations should not be more than 1 to 1.5 centimetres.
Usage and distance:
This is one important perspective while buying a second-hand car. If a car is assumed to run for about 30 kilometres a day, it would mean 30 * 365 = 10,950, which can be translated to approximately 11,000 kilometres a year. So if a car (if it is not a taxi) has run more than 75,000 kilometres (which roughly equals 7 years of usage), there are high chances that that particular model has become obsolete. So think twice before buying these kinds of models, because used cars would require a lot of maintenance (at least initially) and hence the spares should be readily available.
Appearance and body:
The car must be examined visually and also by touch. There are certain minor bumps and dents which might not be visible to the naked eye but on sliding the hands over the exterior of the car, one might be able to sense the minor glitches.
The paint and coating also matters; if the car looks old after a sneak peek into the bonnet but it has been painted, there might be recent accidents and paints would mean effective cover-ups. So make sure the paints are used only for the aesthetic needs and not to deceive the buyer.
Tyres, which literally set the wheels in motion, are potential sources of implied information. The distances shown in the odometer of the vehicle can be duped but the tyres would show up variations. Tyres are usually meant to operate for around 25,000 kilometers before replacement. Even if the odometer is being reset (in the case of a digital one) or tampered (in the case of a mechanical type), the tyres can act as good measures of guesstimating the approximate run.
For detailed information, the owner’s service log may be examined to check the history of services. This would give a clear-cut picture of how many services the car has undergone, which would eventually decide if one can buy it or not.
This is where the steering and ABC (acceleration, brake and clutch) of the vehicles come into play significantly. The gears should be shifted by keeping the clutch partially pressed (this condition is called as half-clutch position); this would indicate the smoothness of the transmission system. While shifting, if the gear lever becomes rigid, or if it is harder for shifting, then it means the transmission needs to be looked into.
Also, the vehicle shouldn’t give a rugged feel while driving. Unnecessary wobbles and a roaring noise (typically like that of a note sustained in a bass guitar) at speed ranges of 50 to 70 kilometres per hour would imply the car might cause several problems like engine failure in the near future.
The differentials of the car can be put to test by performing slight turns. If the opposite pairs of tyres (right in the case of a left turn, and left for a right turn) tend to be a bit draggy during the turn, the car might very well be towards its finals stages.
Power steerings are not susceptible to failure very easily; they usually give warning signs before they fail permanently. The initial warning signals would be a freakish screech heard every time the steering is turned to beyond 50 to 60 degrees. This is a minor stage which can be overcome by replacing the steering fluid.
Another way to know the steering effectiveness is to serve it using a single hand. If there is a difficulty in taking a 60-degree turn within 10 meters at 20 km/hr, it is a warning sign that the steering might give in.
Once the deal is settled, make sure to get all the required papers like RC book, insurance documents and other ownership transfer details from the owner so as to avoid any legal disputes and issues.
Cost and quality are two factors separated by a thin line, especially in the case of used car purchase. Be informed, look close and don’t fall for word magic. Think for a second to buy a second-hand car. Vrooom !
If Bollywood movies are any indication, we know that car pedals usually fail, especially when you are on a long, dramatic road stretch. Why the cars don’t stop gradually due to deceleration beats our minds, but here’s a good read to avoid such melodrama in your real lives.
A car, usually, has three pedals (don’t roll your eyes at the obvious statement, a lot of cars have been manufactured with only two), the accelerator, the brake, and the clutch.
However easy the handling of three innocuous pedals might seem, if done roughly, the connections do deteriorate in any vehicle. Hence, always refer to your car’s bible, the reader’s manual, before trying to handle it.
Let’s examine problems with each pedal, and their solutions separately.
Clutch has the notorious distinction of being the most problem giving pedal among the three. The clutch is the pedal you use for changing gears while driving, and having that out of order can lead to some sticky situations.
Now, when a clutch goes bad, you wouldn’t be able to switch gears, or at least switch them up easily. Driving in such a vehicle is possible, and also extremely hazardous. Here are a few problems your clutch might be facing.
In case your clutch fluid is leaking, suspect either the master or slave cylinder, both of which are components of your clutch.
There shouldn’t be a need to explain why this arrear screams attention. Braking is simply too important of a driving tactic to have it not work perfectly.
One way with which mechanics start diagnosing brake issues is by pressing your brake pedal. If it goes in deeper than it’s supposed to go, you’ve most definitely got a problem.
The reasons to this are similar to a clutch; you’re either low on brake fluid, or either the master or the slave cylinder component of your braking unit has given away.
Referred to as the gas pedal sometimes, the accelerator owns up to its fair share of problems. Resolving a problem with the acceleration pedal is very cumbersome, as there are a lot of parts in a car that might blame the accelerator for having faults. You’d probably want to suspect, change or fix the following components/parts if you’re facing accelerating issues.
Maybe a loose connection between some connections in the vehicle. You guessed it right, a job for your mechanic.
Suspect your spark plugs; if they’ve burnt out, chances are you won’t be able to start your car.
If there’s an efficiency issue with your engine, you won’t be able to derive output in the distance by pressing your gas pedal.
You might simply be low on fuel, or your car may be burning your fuel without giving proper output.
The Southernmost state of India has this unpredictable monsoon changes. Be it the regular rainy days at the ending months of the calendar. Or the sudden climatic changes due to the winds originating from Arabian Sea and the Indian Ocean, the coastal regions have always been prey to the effects of the rains. As heavy property damages form the crux of the aftereffects of the monsoon, let us see how one important property of every household (other than the smartphones and televisions :P) – bikes and mopeds – can be protected.
During and after rainy days, the streets are usually water-clogged, which means the tyres go deep down into the surface of water. It is a known fact that being submerged or partially submerged in water would increase the weight of a component. So, it is advised that the tyres should be pressurized only at a level slightly lower than the optimum, prescribed limit.
Full-on pressures would make the tyres subject themselves to more pressure while being under water, and a sharp stone or a glass piece would mean detrimental to their life.
Spark plugs are located near the engine compartment of the vehicle. Spark plug is the accessory that ignites the engine initially thereby providing the starting torque. But prolonged exposure to watery roads would mean that the spark plugs also get cluttered with water droplets, eventually making them not function properly.
When there are increased chances of the engine being cooled down, spark plugs need to be taken care of effectively. This would come in handy during monsoon periods.
Since most (or all) of the vehicles that are rolled out today are equipped with the self-start facility by default innately, drivers tend to use them whenever the vehicle needs to be started from the off condition.
In reality, self-starter facility takes in a lot of energy than kick-start. It drains a lot of energy from the battery. During rainy days, it might not work as efficiently as the kick start because kick start delivers in more power and heat than this sophisticated method. Due to the moisture content and the other water-related contaminants being present inside the engine and the components surrounding it, more power will be required to produce the heat that would ignite the engine. So, always use kick starter during rains.
Tyre pressure check is not only the single prerequisite that is to be done during rains. Due to the slippery roads, these wheels on motion do not get the gripping property as normally as that during the normal sunny hours. Moreover, constant exposure to water might make the rubber soften a bit and the constant friction with the roads might be lost.
Some parts of the tyre might also get worn out to such an extent that the outermost visible layer of the tyre would come out when rubbed with hands. When the layers get coming out one by one, the relative strength of the tyres with respect to the contact with roads get diminished gradually, thereby increasing the chances of skidding and sliding multifold.
So, it is mandatory to perform this simple test to see if the tyre is in an operable condition. Just hold your index finger and middle finger on the surface of the tyre with full strength and slide through the surface of the tyre. If there is even a slightest piece of tyre that comes out with the fingers, the tyre cannot be used to drive in watery roads.
Alternately, this test can also be performed with sharp fingernails. You can use a substitute temporarily and then use this one back after the monsoons are over.
Do not stress out the electronic accessories:
It is not a good practice to keep honking horns continuously or using the indicator blinkers every now and then, because they take a toll on the battery. If the battery is even slightly exposed to water at its terminals, this prolonged usage would imply that they are spending lots of energy, which might make them malfunction.
Use electronic components only during dire situations. For example, do not use indicators and horns at the same time. A hand signal would suffice if the road is not brimming with traffic.
Penetration of water into the speedometer and odometer displays is one of the most commonly encountered problems in the rainy days. This hardship is majorly faced only when the vehicle is kept at a standstill for a long period of time at a rainy place (not that the problem does not occur while driving in rains at all, it is just a minor share). This is because while in motion, the air that blows around the vehicle tends to dissipate most of the water particles away from any particular place; this is not possible in case of static stationing.
The air that blows around a stationary body is always lesser in speed (due to the fixed frame of reference), than that around the moving object. This difference could particularly be felt while travelling in a direction opposite to that of the direction of the wind flow.
So, the water droplets that stay near the display meters tend to go into them, thereby making them inactive.
Necessarily, do not fill up the tanks to the full during rains. A lot of water gets mixed up with the fuel and you do not want to dilute the fuel and make it futile and unfit. Moreover, the display meters may not work properly, making it all the more difficult.
So it is a welcome note to keep track of the daily distance versus fuel notification. A comparison with the regular mileage would indicate when the tank needs to refilled, and it also serves as a monitor of how much deviation the fuel undergoes during rains.
These are only some precautionary and preliminary measures in case of an emergency. It is better to consult with a credible service center or a mechanic to avoid serious and fatal problems to the vehicle as well as the driver.